2) It has a planar geometry. 3) In diamond, each carbon atom is sp3 hybridized and is bonded to four other carbon atoms through a sigma bond. 3) In graphite, each carbon atom is sp2 hybridized and is bonded to three other carbon atoms through a sigma bond while the fourth electron forms a Π-bond.
How do diamond and graphite differ in their structure?
Diamond: each carbon atom bonds to 4 other carbon atoms, WHILST, Graphite: each carbon atom bonds to 3 other carbon atoms. Thus, diamond bears more of a tetrahedral structure, whereas graphite takes the form of layers. The presence of layers means that atoms can slide over each other easily.
What type of structure do diamond and graphite have class 10?
Graphite and diamonds are made up of carbon atoms.
What are three differences between graphite and diamond?
Diamond is an electrical insulator while graphite is a good conductor of electricity. Diamond is usually transparent, but graphite is opaque. Diamond is obviously far more valuable than graphite. Graphite is so inexpensive that it is used to make pencil lead.
Why do diamond and graphite differ in their properties?
The differing properties of carbon and diamond arise from their distinct crystal structures. In a diamond, the carbon atoms are arranged tetrahedrally. … This accounts for diamond’s hardness, extraordinary strength and durability and gives diamond a higher density than graphite (3.514 grams per cubic centimeter).
How are the structures of diamond and graphite similar?
Diamond and graphite are both allotropes of carbon. This means they are both made up of carbon atoms arranged differently and exist in the same physical state. They both have a giant covalent structure. Diamond has a tetrahedral structure and is the hardest material known to man.
What are allotropes differentiate between diamond and graphite?
For example, Graphite and diamond are two different allotropes of carbon.
Explain the difference in properties of diamond and graphite on the basis of their structures.
|1) It has a crystalline structure.||1) It has a layered structure.|
|2) It is made up of tetrahedral units.||2) It has a planar geometry.|
Why do graphite and diamond both being made of carbon differ in their properties?
Graphite and diamond have very different structures. Graphite has a layered sheet-like structure with each layer consisting of hexagonal rings, this is because all carbon atoms are sp2 hybridised. Diamond has a tetrahedral structure since all carbon atoms are sp3 hybridised.
What is the difference between graphite diamond and fullerenes?
The key difference between diamond graphite and fullerene is that diamond has a diamond cubic crystal structure and graphite has a hexagonal crystal structure, while fullerene occurs as a large spheroidal molecule. Diamond, graphite and fullerene are different allotropes of the chemical element carbon.
What is difference between diamond and graphite Class 11?
Difference between diamond and graphite.
The p-Block Elements.
|4. It has huge three dimensional network structure.||4. It has two dimensional sheet like structure.|
|5. It does not possess any lustre||5. It a has metallic lustre.|
|6. It a has very high melting point.||6. It has low metling point.|