What is one fun fact about rubies or sapphires?

Rubies (and sapphires) have a hardness of 9.0 on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness. Among the natural gems, only diamond is harder. Ruby, together with sapphire and emerald, form the “big three” of colored stones. The “big three” generate more economic activity than all other colored stones combined.

What are some fun facts about rubies?

Rubies: Just the Facts!

  • Ruby is one of the four precious gemstones. …
  • The word ruby comes from the Latin rubens, which means red. …
  • A ruby is a pink to blood-red colored gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum. …
  • Ruby is the birthstone for July. …
  • Rubies are extremely strong, registering 9 on the Mohs scale of hardness.

What is an interesting fact about sapphire?

Sapphires are Second Only to Diamonds in Durability

Diamond is the most durable naturally occurring element on earth and ranks as a 10 out of 10 on Mohs Scale of Mineral Hardness. Sapphires are also very durable and rank as a 9 out of 10 on Mohs Scale.

What makes rubies unique?

Ruby is distinguished for its bright red color, being the most famed and fabled red gemstone. Beside for its bright color, it is a most desirable gem due to its hardness, durability, luster, and rarity. Transparent rubies of large sizes are even rarer than Diamonds. Ruby is the red variety of the mineral Corundum.

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Are rubies or sapphires more rare?

Both rubies and sapphires are variations of the same mineral, corundum, but rubies are significantly rarer than sapphires and therefore much more expensive.

Is ruby a gemstone?

ruby, gemstone composed of transparent red corundum (q.v.), a mineral form of aluminum oxide, Al2O3. Its colour varies from deep cochineal to pale rose red, in some cases with a tinge of purple; the most valued is a pigeon-blood red. … Ruby is a mineral of very limited distribution.

What is the gemstone for July?

Read About the Ruby, the Birthstone for July – American Gem Society.

Is a sapphire a diamond?

A sapphire is more dense (heavy in mass) than a diamond. So it will look smaller than a one carat diamond even though both have the same weight. The price of this gem also rises drastically once it reaches the 4 carat mark. Opting for a 1 to 2 carat sapphire is a great way to enjoy the remarkable beauty of this stone.

What is Jan birthstone?

Garnet. The word “garnet” comes from the 14th century Middle English word gernet, meaning “dark red.” The word is derived from Latin granatum, which means “seed,” and is called so because of the gemstone’s resemblance to the red seeds of the pomegranate.

What birth stone is SEP?

September Birthstone: Sapphire Gemstones | Learn What Birthstone is September.

Are rubies sapphires?

Scientifically speaking, rubies and sapphires are the same mineral (corundum). Both are made of alumina and oxygen, but they just differ in color. When a corundum is red, it is classified as a ruby, and when it’s blue, it is called a sapphire.

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What is the gemstone ruby used for?

What are rubies used for? The most common use for rubies is jewelry—stunning jewelry! However, both natural and synthetic rubies are used in a variety of applications—such as watchmaking, medical instruments, and lasers—because of their incredible strength and red fluorescence.

Is ruby pink or red?

Rubies are red with a medium to dark tone. Pink is a lighter saturation of red, hence the limitation of red as a medium to dark color. A light-toned ruby is by definition a pink sapphire.

Is ruby rarer than diamond?

Gem-quality rubies are significantly rarer than diamonds, though there are certain types of diamonds that are very rare too. If we weigh the most spectacular examples of rubies and diamonds against one another, diamonds that show color are even rarer.

Is a ruby a red sapphire?

Ruby is defined as red corundum. The presence of chromium is largely what makes a corundum gemstone red. All other varieties of corundum, anything not red, are classified as sapphire. … Although popularly associated with the color blue, sapphires include all non-red colored corundum gems.

What’s the rarest birthstone?

Needless to say, if you were born in February, you should feel pretty special. February babies have the rarest birthstone of all. Diamond (April) is the rarest birthstone in a total of six states, while topaz (November) is the rarest birthstone in Montana, Wyoming, and Rhode Island.