Smoky Quartz crystal is the national gem of Scotland. When the Celts colonised the British Isles, they mined this beautiful crystal in the Scottish Highlands and called the yellow-brown ones “Cairngorm” after the Cairngorm Mountains, whereas the darker brown to black crystals were called “Morion”.
What gemstone represents Scotland?
Introducing the official national gemstone of Scotland! A particular type of smoky quartz found exclusively in the Cairngorm mountain range, it is known as ‘Cairngorm quartz’, ‘Cairngorm stone’ or simply ‘Cairngorm’!
Is Cairngorm the same as citrine?
A magnificent Scottish kilt sash brooch, used to hold the shoulder plaid in place. The brooch has cast thistles and celtic “buttons” surrounding a spectacular cairngorm (commonly known as citrine, also called black quartz or smoky quartz).
What is a Cairngorm gem?
Cairngorm is a variety of smoky quartz found in the Cairngorm Mountains of Scotland. It usually has a smoky yellow-brown colour, though some specimens are greyish-brown. It is used in Scottish jewellery and as a decoration on kilt pins and the handles of sgianan-dubha (anglicised: sgian-dubhs or skean dhu).
What is a Cairngorm citrine?
Cairngorm is the name given to a citrine quartz variety with an amber or brown color traditionally mined in the Cairngorm Mountains in Scotland. During the Victorian period cairngorms were extensively used in traditional Scottish jewelry such as kilt ornaments, bonnet brooches or carved thistle shapes.
What jewelry is Scotland known for?
Pebble jewellery, featuring the stones agate or “Scotch Pebbles”, Cairngorm, jasper, jaspagate, and sometimes bloodstone, freshwater pearls, gold, silver and granite, is a style of jewellery that has a long history associated with Scotland.
Is Jade Found in Scotland?
Found in Scotland, these exquisite axeheads were made over 6,000 years ago, high in the Italian Alps. Now, thanks to a French-led project involving National Museums Scotland – Projet Jade – their fascinating story can be told.
Are Cairngorms valuable?
The gem minerals have been prized and sought after for centuries. … The smoky, or cairngorm, quartz in particular, has been found as very large crystals and crystal groups (up to 20kg in weight) and the value of these as mineral specimens, rather than gemstones has long been recognised.
How can you tell the difference between citrine and yellow sapphire?
Hardness. The Citrine stone has a hardness of 7 on the Moh’s scale of hardness. Whereas Yellow Topaz has a hardness of 8 and Yellow Sapphire has a hardness of 9. Thus, Yellow Sapphire is the hardest of these three gemstones.
What can replace citrine?
If you are fond of sultry sun-splashed citrine, there are four alternative gemstones that are also guaranteed to make you melt:
- Fire Opal. If you love the sun-kissed, deep orange hues of citrine, fire opal is the gemstone for you. …
- Heliodor. …
- Orange and Yellow Sapphire. …
- Orange and Yellow Zircon.
Is smoky quartz a gem?
Smoky quartz is a relatively inexpensive gem material because it is abundant, found in many locations, and its brown color is not currently in high demand. It is often found in large crystals of excellent transparency with few inclusions.
Is quartz a black?
It ranges in clarity from almost complete transparency to a brownish-gray crystal that is almost opaque. Some can also be black.
What happened Cairngorm?
Cairngorm is changed into a Lunarian and is given the name “Welegato” by Aechmea.
Where can I find citrine in Scotland?
Cairngorm and Morion are ancient Celtic names for the coloured quartz found in Scotland’s mountains regions, most notably around Loch Tay, Perthshire. Cairngorm is a smoky, yellow-brown colour and similar types found in other parts of the world are known as Citrines, because of their lemon-yellow transparent colour.
What should I look for when buying citrine?
When you are shopping for citrine jewelry, color is the most important value factor: the more vivid and bright the golden hue, the more valuable the citrine. Citrine ranges from a light pastel yellow to a dark reddish orange. The best quality of citrine has a saturated golden hue with fiery orange flashes inside.
What does the crystal citrine mean?
Citrine is in the mineral class of quartz.
Citrine tends to have a hexagonal crystal system and in its natural form has a cloudy or smoky look. The meaning of citrine is focused on prosperity, joy, and energy.