Why graphite has a lower density than diamond?

In graphite you have the ultimate example of van der Waals dispersion forces. … Graphite has a lower density than diamond. This is because of the relatively large amount of space that is “wasted” between the sheets. Graphite is insoluble in water and organic solvents – for the same reason that diamond is insoluble.

Why is a diamond more dense than graphite?

In a diamond, the carbon atoms are arranged tetrahedrally. … This accounts for diamond’s hardness, extraordinary strength and durability and gives diamond a higher density than graphite (3.514 grams per cubic centimeter). Because of its tetrahedral structure, diamond also shows a great resistance to compression.

Why is graphite much softer than diamond?

Graphite is a form of carbon in which the carbon atoms form covalent bonds with three other carbon atoms. … These layers can slide over each other, so graphite is much softer than diamond.

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Why does graphite have a lower melting point than diamond?

The melting point of graphite is slightly larger than the melting point of diamond, because in graphite C-C bonds have a partial double bond character and hence are stronger and more difficult to break.

Why is graphite less reactive than diamond?

This is because, graphite has sp2 carbon atoms with free electrons that are reactive. 3. In diamond each carbon has sp3 hybridisation and no free electrons are present.

How does diamond differ from graphite?

Graphite and diamond are two of the most interesting minerals. They are identical chemically – both are composed of carbon (C), but physically, they are very different. … Graphite is very soft and has a hardness of 1 to 2 on this scale. Diamonds are the hardest known natural substance and have a hardness of 10.

What is the difference between diamond and graphite?

For example, Graphite and diamond are two different allotropes of carbon.

Explain the difference in properties of diamond and graphite on the basis of their structures.

1) It has a crystalline structure. 1) It has a layered structure.
2) It is made up of tetrahedral units. 2) It has a planar geometry.

Why is graphite softer?

Now, the part that makes the graphite softer than diamond is that the flat ‘sheets’ of carbon are bonded together by a much weaker bond than covalent bonds , called Van Der Waals forces. These are the bonds that break first to make graphite a soft substance.

Why is graphite The softest?

Graphite is soft because it has weak inter molecular forces between its layers. Diamond is hard due to its giant covalent lattice and it has many strong covalent bonds.

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Why is graphite a much more brittle and softer solid compared to diamond which is very hard and tough?

Both graphite and diamond are made only of carbon atoms. Graphite is very soft and slippery. … The answer lies in the way the carbon atoms form bonds with each other.

Does graphite have weak intermolecular forces?

Graphite is arranged in sheet like structures and between each layer there are Van der Waals intermolecular forces which are weak in comparison to the covalent bonds.

Why is graphite an electrical conductor and diamond is not?

Graphite can conduct electricity because of the delocalised (free) electrons in its structure. … However, in diamond, all 4 outer electrons on each carbon atom are used in covalent bonding, so there are no delocalised electrons.

Why does silicon have a lower melting point than diamond?

Silicon is a non-metal, and has a giant covalent structure exactly the same as carbon in diamond – hence the high melting point. You have to break strong covalent bonds in order to melt it.

Which graphite is more reactive?

Carbon and its compounds | Exercise

Q6) With reference to the structure of the two crystalline allotropes of carbon, state why diamond is inert or unreactive while graphite is comparably more reactive. … Graphite has an open structure which makes it more prone to chemical attack.

Why is diamond not reactive?

Diamond is unreactive while graphite is highly reactive in comparison to it. … In diamond each carbon has sp3 hybridisation and no free electrons are present.

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How is graphite different from other allotropes of carbon?

Graphite. Graphite is another allotrope of carbon; unlike diamond, it is an electrical conductor and a semi-metal. Graphite is the most stable form of carbon under standard conditions and is used in thermochemistry as the standard state for defining the heat of formation of carbon compounds.