Chemical compound that has the same molecular formula – the same number and kinds of atoms – as another compound, but a different structural arrangement of the atoms in space, and, therefore, different properties. For example, graphite (pencil lead) and diamond are isomers of carbon.
Are diamond and graphite allotropes?
Diamond, graphite and fullerenes (substances that include nanotubes and ‘buckyballs’ , such as buckminsterfullerene) are three allotropes of pure carbon.
Are diamond and graphite compound?
Each carbon atom in graphite undergoes Sp2 hybridization and makes 3 σ bonds with 3 neighboring carbon atoms and one π bond. Hence, from the above discussion, diamond and graphite are covalent compounds of carbon (C).
What type of structure are diamond and graphite?
Diamond and graphite are different forms of the element carbon. They both have giant structures of carbon atoms , joined together by covalent bonds .
What is common between diamond and graphite?
Diamond and graphite are both allotropes of carbon. This means they are both made up of carbon atoms arranged differently and exist in the same physical state. They both have a giant covalent structure. Diamond has a tetrahedral structure and is the hardest material known to man.
Is diamond a compound?
The quick answer is: Diamond is a pure element, carbon; gold is a pure element, gold; and rust is a compound, Iron Oxide, of iron and Oxygen. Diamond is pure elemental carbon, compressed to its crystal form, under extreme heat and pressure deep within the Earth.
Is diamond a molecule?
In diamond, each carbon shares electrons with four other carbon atoms – forming four single bonds. … It is not a molecule, because the number of atoms joined up in a real diamond is completely variable – depending on the size of the crystal.
Is diamond and graphite isotopes?
No, it’s nothing to do with isotopes. Graphite and diamond are just different crystal structures, allotropes. No, the existence of isotopes has nothing to do with the difference between graphite and carbon, which are allotropes of carbon.
What type of structure is diamond?
Structure and bonding
Diamond is a giant covalent structure in which: each carbon atom is joined to four other carbon atoms by strong covalent bonds. the carbon atoms form a regular tetrahedral network structure.
What is the structure of diamond called?
The crystal structure of a diamond is a face-centered cubic or FCC lattice. Each carbon atom joins four other carbon atoms in regular tetrahedrons (triangular prisms).
What type of structure is graphite?
Graphite has a layered structure that consists of rings of six carbon atoms arranged in widely spaced horizontal sheets. Graphite thus crystallizes in the hexagonal system, in contrast to the same element crystallizing in the octahedral or tetrahedral system as diamond.
Is graphite a macromolecule?
Yes Graphite is a macromolecule and called as macromolecule crystal. It is made up of carbon atoms at lattice point that of diamonds, the only difference is Graphite form two dimensional lattice where as diamond form three dimensionla lattice.
Is diamond a 3d structure?
Because the diamond structure forms a distance-preserving subset of the four-dimensional integer lattice, it is a partial cube. Yet another coordinatization of the diamond cubic involves the removal of some of the edges from a three-dimensional grid graph.
Are diamonds and graphite polymorphs?
Diamond is a polymorph of the element carbon, and graphite is another. While the two share the same chemistry, C (elemental carbon), they have very different structures and properties.
Is diamond a conductor or insulator?
Diamond normally has a very wide bandgap of 5.6 electron volts, meaning that it is a strong electrical insulator that electrons do not move through readily.