Diamonds were instrumental in creating, sustaining and heightening the war in Sierra Leone and frustrating the search for peace. The Sierra Leone conflict, and others in the region like the Ogoni crisis in Nigeria, confirm the link between resources, governance and civil society.
How did blood diamonds affect Sierra Leone?
The war between 1991 and 1999 claimed over 75,000 lives, caused 500,000 Sierra Leoneans to become refugees, and displaced half of the countries 4.5 million people. Also during this period, the Sierra Leone economy was being cheated out of millions of dollars in the form of illegal diamonds.
What impact did diamonds have?
Diamond mining also has many detrimental impacts on the environment including soil erosion, deforestation, and ecosystem destruction. A major political effect of the diamond commodity chain, specifically at the mining level is blood diamonds. These are diamonds that are produced in war zones to finance civil wars.
Why are diamonds from Sierra Leone called blood diamonds?
In 1930, a British geologist discovered diamonds in the region. The gems became one of the greatest sources of Sierra Leone’s future conflict, earning them the name “Blood Diamonds.” British companies and other foreign merchants quickly seized control of diamond mines to profit from the newfound market.
Why are Sierra Leone diamonds special?
Diamonds are clearly linked to Sierra Leone’s underdevelopment. Small, transportable and extremely valuable, they played a major role in funding the country’s brutal civil war of the 1990s.
Are there still blood diamonds today?
It shows that the production of conflict diamonds still exists in Sierra Leone. According to the 2005 Country Reports on Human Right Practices of Africa from the United States, serious human rights issues still exist in Sierra Leone, even though the 11-year civil conflict had officially ended by 2002.
Why are diamonds important to society?
Because diamonds are so strong (scoring a 10 on the Mohs Hardness Scale), they are extremely effective at polishing, cutting, and drilling. Many industries – including automotive, mining, and military – use diamond saws and drills. … Diamond particles are also important to the “circle of diamond life”.
Is Blood Diamond a real story?
The diamond industry is abuzz over the new film Blood Diamond, a fictional account of rebel militias in Sierra Leone fueling a bloody civil war through the sale of the precious gems. … He promises to help a poor black fisherman find his kidnapped son in exchange for help locating the gemstone.
How do diamonds affect the environment?
The biggest environmental issues associated with diamond mining are soil erosion, deforestation, loss of habitat for wildlife and in extreme cases has been known to cause entire ecosystems to collapse. The photo below is just one example of how diamond mining in Sierra Leon have destroyed the landscape.
Does Tiffany use blood diamonds?
Tiffany & Co. only offers conflict-free diamonds. We have taken rigorous steps to assure that conflict diamonds do not enter our inventory. As global leaders in sustainable luxury, Tiffany & Co. is committed to sourcing natural and precious materials in an ethical and sustainable manner.
What are African conflict diamonds?
Diamond-financed conflicts are nothing new in Africa. Conflict diamonds originate from areas controlled by forces or factions opposed to the legitimate or internationally recognized governments. … In Angola, rebels sold diamonds to purchase arms on the black market, effectively evading an international arms embargo.
What country is Blood Diamond in?
The movie Blood Diamond traces the path of a large pink diamond found in Sierra Leone in the 1990s by a fisherman working as a slave in a rebel-controlled diamond mine. That diamond changed and ended many lives, and the story of that stone carries a strong social message.