For the last 60 years, the Northwest Territories has turned from hunting land into large scale- resource extraction, such as diamond mining. It was not until 1991 that diamonds were officially discovered by non-indigenous people, specifically, by two geologists named Chuck Fipke and Stewart Blusson.
Does Northwest Territories have diamonds?
The Northwest Territories is currently home to three producing diamond mines – Ekati, Diavik and Gahcho Kué – generating the vast majority of Canada’s diamond wealth. All three mines are located in our most remote region, the Barrenlands.
Why are diamonds only found in certain areas of the world?
Diamonds are formed deep within the Earth’s mantle, and only volcanoes situated on the thickest (and oldest) sections of crust can bring these diamonds to the surface rapidly enough that they do not revert to graphite. … This limits the occurrence of natural diamonds to only a few (albeit large) regions.
Why is Yellowknife called the diamond Capital of North America?
Yellowknife sits along the north shore of Great Slave Lake, the deepest lake in North America and the 10th-largest lake on the planet. … It’s sometimes referred to as the “Diamond Capital of North America” because of its three diamond mines.
Where are most diamonds found in Canada?
Canada’s diamonds are predominantly mined in the Northwest Territories (NWT), which encompasses 40% of Canada’s landmass. There are currently four working diamond mines in Canada, three in the NWT – the Ekati, Diavik and Gahcho Kué mines – and the Renard diamond mine in Quebec.
What is the diamond capital of North America?
2. Diamond Capital of North America. The City of Yellowknife officially registered the trademark Yellowknife – Diamond Capital of North America™ in 1999 to establish itself throughout the national and international diamond industry.
How many diamond mines are in Northwest Territories?
There are three actively producing diamond mines in the NWT. The Department is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the industry and promoting responsible development of this resource.
What happens if I find a diamond?
Most states will allow finders to keep the property if the owner does not show up to claim it after a certain time. Failure to report a found item can lead to criminal charges. So, unless you’re at Crater of Diamonds State Park, you cannot keep a found diamond.
Where are diamonds mostly found?
Seven countries have led the world in the production of gem-quality diamonds for over a decade. Russia, Botswana, Canada, Angola, South Africa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Namibia have all been consistently producing over one million carats per year.
Can you find diamonds on top of the ground?
More diamonds tend to be found on top of the ground during spring and late summer through early fall. Two factors make these seasons more successful: rain and sun. Most surface diamonds are found on sunny days, two to three days after rainfall.
Where is the world’s largest diamond trading center?
The Tel Aviv Diamond Exchange, known locally as the ‘Bursa’, is the world’s largest diamond trading complex. The Exchange employs over 15,000 people from 1,500 companies working and trading here every day.
What does the Northwest Territories flag look like?
The flag features a blue field, on which is a Canadian pale (a white stripe taking up half the width of the flag), with at the centre, the shield from the coat of arms of the Northwest Territories. The blue represents the abundant Northwest Territories waters, whereas the white represents snow and ice.
Nunavut means “our land” in the Inuit language of Inuktitut.
Are Canadian diamonds better?
Of the 30% of diamonds that are gem quality and suitable for jewelry, Canada is one of the top three diamond producing countries in the world on the basis of carats produced. … Canadian diamonds are highly regarded because Canadian diamond mines have some of the world’s highest environmental standards.
What rock is diamond found in?
Diamond is only formed at high pressures. It is found in kimberlite, an ultrabasic volcanic rock formed very deep in the Earth’s crust. The extreme pressures needed to form diamonds are only reached at depths greater than 150km.
What are Canadian diamonds called?
Maple Leaf Diamonds™ are mined in the pristine wilds of northern Canada. They are formed deep within the earth millions of years ago, eventually emerging as beautiful, one of a kind treasures. They are some of the most highly prized diamonds in the world.