What is the relationship between graphite and diamond?

In diamond the atoms are arranged in a three dimensional lattice, while in graphite they are joined together in an array of planar six membered rings, arranged in layers. The diamond is very hard while the possible movement of the layers in graphite makes it into an excellent lubricant.

What are the similarities of diamond and graphite?

Expert Answer:

  • Both graphite and diamond are forms of carbon. As such, they are said to be allotropes of carbon.
  • Both occur naturally. …
  • Both are produced in the earth in geothermal processes.
  • Both can be made artificially.
  • Both are normally solids and highly stable.

What is the difference between of diamond and graphite?

Diamond and graphite are allotropes of carbon. These have different chemical and physical properties. The main difference between diamond and graphite is that diamond is made out of sp3 hybridized carbon atoms whereas graphite is made out of sp2 hybridized carbon atoms.

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Do diamond and graphite have the same physical properties?

Diamond and graphite show different physical properties although they are made up of carbon and show the same chemical properties.

Why graphite and diamond have different physical properties?

It’s because the carbon atoms are rearranged in a specific geometric shape that gives the diamond its properties. … Graphite however, is when the carbon atoms bond together in sheets – hexagonal-like lattice. Graphite is formed from the carbon atoms resulting from the metamorphism of minerals such as marble, quartz, etc.

What are 3 differences between diamond and graphite?

Difference between diamond and graphite.

The p-Block Elements.

Diamond Graphite
4. It has huge three dimensional network structure. 4. It has two dimensional sheet like structure.
5. It does not possess any lustre 5. It a has metallic lustre.
6. It a has very high melting point. 6. It has low metling point.

What are three differences between diamond and graphite?

Diamond is an electrical insulator while graphite is a good conductor of electricity. Diamond is usually transparent, but graphite is opaque. Diamond is obviously far more valuable than graphite. Graphite is so inexpensive that it is used to make pencil lead.

Are diamond and graphite allotropes?

Diamond, graphite and fullerenes (substances that include nanotubes and ‘buckyballs’ , such as buckminsterfullerene) are three allotropes of pure carbon.

Why do diamond and graphite have different physical properties even though both are composed entirely of the element carbon?

The differing properties of carbon and diamond arise from their distinct crystal structures. In a diamond, the carbon atoms are arranged tetrahedrally. … This accounts for diamond’s hardness, extraordinary strength and durability and gives diamond a higher density than graphite (3.514 grams per cubic centimeter).

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Do diamond and graphite have the same chemical reaction?

Explanation: Diamond and graphite are both made up of carbon and have same chemical properties as that of carbon and they both undergo same type of chemical reactions.

Why do diamond and graphite both have high melting points?

A lot of energy is needed to overcome the strong covalent bonds between the carbon atoms. Thus, it has high melting and boiling points.

Why are graphite and diamond different minerals?

Carbon is a native element that, on its own, forms two very different minerals: the diamond (precious stone) and graphite. … The different floors are linked by weak chemical bonds and form a mineral whose layers easily break.

Why are the properties of diamond and graphite different even though they are both composed of pure carbon select the two answers that explain this difference?

Graphite and Diamond are different because they have different structures. Both have Giant Covalent Structures, resulting in very high melting temperatures. However each carbon atom in Diamond has 4 covalent bonds with other Carbons, making it extremely strong and hard.