Why do diamond and graphite have different physical properties even though they are both composed only of the element carbon?

It’s because the carbon atoms are rearranged in a specific geometric shape that gives the diamond its properties. … Graphite however, is when the carbon atoms bond together in sheets – hexagonal-like lattice. Graphite is formed from the carbon atoms resulting from the metamorphism of minerals such as marble, quartz, etc.

Why do diamond and graphite have different physical properties even though both are composed entirely of the element carbon?

The differing properties of carbon and diamond arise from their distinct crystal structures. In a diamond, the carbon atoms are arranged tetrahedrally. … This accounts for diamond’s hardness, extraordinary strength and durability and gives diamond a higher density than graphite (3.514 grams per cubic centimeter).

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Why do diamond and graphite not have the same properties?

Both diamond and graphite are covalent networks and are both made entirely from carbon, but why does diamond have a three dimensional network of strong covalent bonds which makes it hard, whereas graphite has flat layers of carbon atoms which makes it a weak object and breakable.

Why do diamond and graphite have such different physical properties quizlet?

Diamond and graphite are two minerals with the same chemical composition, but extremely different physical properties. Why is this? They have a different crystal structure. In both, carbon is joined by covalent bonds, but in graphite the carbon atoms form sheets that are weakly bonded together.

Why is diamond hard and graphite not note that diamond and graphite are both composed of carbon atoms?

While there are strong covalent bonds between carbon atoms in each layer, there are only weak forces between layers. This allows layers of carbon to slide over each other in graphite. … In this rigid network atoms cannot move. This explains why diamonds are so hard and have such a high melting point.

Do diamond and graphite have the same physical properties?

Diamond and graphite show different physical properties although they are made up of carbon and show the same chemical properties.

Why is graphite and diamonds different?

Graphite and diamond are two of the most interesting minerals. They are identical chemically – both are composed of carbon (C), but physically, they are very different. … Graphite is very soft and has a hardness of 1 to 2 on this scale. Diamonds are the hardest known natural substance and have a hardness of 10.

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What are the differences between diamond and graphite?

Explain the difference in properties of diamond and graphite on the basis of their structures.

1) It has a crystalline structure. 1) It has a layered structure.
2) It is made up of tetrahedral units. 2) It has a planar geometry.

How are diamonds and graphite the same How are they different quizlet?

How are diamonds and graphite the same? How are they different? Both diamonds and graphite are made entirely out of carbon. They are different because the carbon atoms are arranged differently with a more three-dimensional structure in diamonds and flat layers in graphite.

Are diamond and graphite the same mineral or different minerals quizlet?

Diamond and graphite are minerals made of 100% carbon. … It is the same mineral however the atoms are arranged differently, for example the carbon atoms in diamond are very close together making it very strong, however the carbon atoms in the graphite are formed in sheets which pull apart easily.

Why is diamond extremely hard but graphite is extremely soft quizlet?

Graphite is soft and slippery. … Graphite is tightly bonded in flat layers, but the bonds connecting the layers are weak. Diamond is hard because of its crystal structure of its atoms and because each Carbon atom is connected to four other carbon atoms.

Why diamond is hard than graphite?

Diamond is harder than graphite because each of its carbon atoms form four covalent bonds in a tetrahedral structure and also due to the presence of strong covalent bonds in it.

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How are the structures of diamond and graphite similar?

Diamond and graphite are both allotropes of carbon. This means they are both made up of carbon atoms arranged differently and exist in the same physical state. They both have a giant covalent structure. Diamond has a tetrahedral structure and is the hardest material known to man.

Why is the graphite softer than the diamond even though it is made up of the same substance?

Graphite is a form of carbon in which the carbon atoms form covalent bonds with three other carbon atoms. … These layers can slide over each other, so graphite is much softer than diamond.